• [Woman diving from pier], Johnston, J. S. (John S.), New York, NY 1892


TPS-UArts Teacher Resource Guides

The Library of Congress is the nation's oldest federal cultural institution, is the world's preeminent reservoir for knowledge, providing unparalleled integrated resources to Congress and the American people. Founded in 1800, the Library seeks to further human understanding and wisdom providing access to knowledge through its magnificent collections, which bring to bear the world’s knowledge in almost all of the world’s languages and America’s private sector intellectual and cultural creativity in almost all formats.

How To Use the Guide?
1. Engage students with primary sources.
Draw on students’ prior knowledge of the topic.
Ask students to closely observe each image.
• Who created it?
• When was it created?
• Where does your eye go first?
• Help students see key details.
• What do you see that you didn’t expect? Encourage students to think about their personal response to the image.
• What feelings and thoughts does the image trigger in you?
• What questions does it raise?
2. Promote student inquiry.
Encourage students to speculate about each image, its creator, and its context.
• What was happening during this time period?
• What was the creator’s purpose in making this object?
• What does the creator do to get his or her point across?
• Who was this primary source’s audience?
• What biases or stereotypes do you see? Ask if this source agrees with other primary sources, or with what the students already know.
• Ask students to test their assumptions about the past.
• Ask students to find other primary or secondary sources that offer support or
3. Assess how students apply critical thinking and analysis skills to images.
• Have students summarize what they’ve learned.
• Ask for reasons and specific evidence to support their conclusions.
• Help students identify questions for further investigation, and develop
strategies for how they might answer them.